Coal tit

Coal tit in wildlife garden Coal tit on log feeder

 
The Coal tit is one of the smaller members of the tit family. It is resident throughout the UK all year and can be attracted to your wildlife garden at any time of year by putting out wild bird food and can be frequently seen hanging from a peanut feeder. They are quite timid birds and well down the pecking order. They rarely stay still for long and make fleeting visits to the peanut feeder or bird table staying just long enough to grab some food and leave.  Preferring to eat it in a tree or bush where they are less likely to get picked on.

Coal tits are easily recognised by their black head with a white patch on each cheek and also a white patch at the back of the neck (juveniles have no patch at the back). They have a buff underside with lighter patch on the breast with the upper part grey with some of the wing feathers having a white patch which makes two short white lines one shorter than the other. When the wings are open these two white patches become two white bars but are difficult to see in flight because of the speed of the wing beat.

Coal tits are associated with pine trees as they love the seeds from the pine cones but will readily visit your wildlife garden if you put out food containing seeds as they feed on a variety of nuts, seeds, tiny insects and spiders and insect eggs.

They are hole nesters and will use any suitable small hole in a tree, stump, wall, nest box or even the earth banking. The nest is built of moss and dried leaves and often lined with hairs.
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